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Status of micro-hydrokinetic river technology in rural applications: A review of literature

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dc.contributor.author Vermaak, Herman Jacobus
dc.contributor.author Kusakana, Kanzumba
dc.contributor.author Koko, Sandile Philip
dc.contributor.other Elsevier: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
dc.date.accessioned 2016-03-02T12:58:00Z
dc.date.available 2016-03-02T12:58:00Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier.issn 1364-0321
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11462/753
dc.description Published Article en_US
dc.description.abstract Apparently, most hydrokinetic literatures mainly concentrate on large-scale technologies such as waves, tides and ocean current applications. This could be one of the reasons delaying the utilization of smallscale hydrokinetic river technology in rural areas. This paper therefore critically reviews the current status of micro-hydrokinetic river (MHR) technology for rural applications. Relevant research literatures based on developments, applications, design, operation as well as different MHR technologies involved in rural electrification projects have been reviewed. After conducting these reviews it has become clear that one of the key barriers hindering the employment of MHR technology in rural areas with access to flowing water is the lack of research demonstrating the technical, economic and environmental benefits of this technology compared to other rural electrification techniques. Studies that look towards the longterm perspective of techno-economic analysis inclusive of capital, maintenance and running costs computations need to be carried out promoting the interest in utilizing this technology. This paper will aid researchers to identify areas that need to improve as well as encourage public bodies to implement proper energy policies regarding the MHR technology usage in rural areas. It will also create awareness among site owners, investors, project developers and decision makers regarding the potential benefits of using this technology in rural areas especially in countries with little or no elevation. en_US
dc.format.mimetype Application/PDF
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
dc.relation.ispartofseries Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews;Volume 29
dc.subject Review en_US
dc.subject Rural electrification en_US
dc.subject Micro-hydrokinetic river technology en_US
dc.title Status of micro-hydrokinetic river technology in rural applications: A review of literature en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.rights.holder Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews

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