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The effect of potassium and water quality on the yield and oil quality of Rose Geranium (Pelargonium graveolens L.)

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dc.contributor.advisor Sedibe, M.M.
dc.contributor.advisor Nhlabatsi, N.N.
dc.contributor.author Khetsha, Zenzile Peter
dc.contributor.other Central University of Technology, Free State. Faculty of Health and Environmental Sciences. Department of Agriculture
dc.date.accessioned 2014-10-19T05:13:32Z
dc.date.available 2014-10-19T05:13:32Z
dc.date.issued 2013
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11462/189
dc.description Thesis (M. Tech. (Agriculture)) -- Central University of Technology, Free state, 2014 en_US
dc.description.abstract The main objective of the study was to determine the effect of different potassium concentrations and water quality (salt) compared with the current scientifically accepted potassium threshold level and standardised water quality on the yield, oil composition and leaf morphology of rose geranium (Pelargonium graveolens L.) when grown in different potting-bag sizes and root media under temperature controlled condition. To achieve this objective, two trials were conducted. The first experiment evaluated potassium concentrations at 1.3, 3.3, 5.3 and 7.3 mmol L-1 and potting-bag size of 5 and 10 L. Treatments were arranged in a randomised complete block design assigned in a split plot layout. The main plots consisted of potassium concentration and the pottingbag sizes were allocated to sub-plots. Plant height, potassium content, linalool, geraniol, geranyl formate and the citronellol to geraniol ratio (C:G) were affected by potassium. Plant height, number of branches, the branch to height ratio (B:H), foliar fresh mass (FFM) and oil yield were significantly increased when 5 L potting bags were used. Plant foliar mass was significantly increased by the interaction between 5.3 mmol K L-1 and 5 L potting bags. In the second experiment salt levels applied at 1.6, 2.4, 3.2 and 4.0 mS cm-1 and root media (sand and sawdust) were evaluated. A split plot experimental layout was also used in this trial, with the salt levels allocated to the main plots. The sub-plots were allocated to the root medium. High salt level of 4.0 mS cm-1 reduced the number of leaves, plant height, number of branches, B:H ratio, leaf area, chlorophyll content and foliar fresh mass significantly. The number of leaves, leaf area and FFM were significantly increased where sawdust was used. Time of the day significantly affected stomatal conductance, and the opening of most stomata occurred at 10:00. Geranyl formate and the C:G ratio were significantly affected by salt at 4.0 mS cm-1. Salt induced the development of capitates trichomes. The abaxial leaf surface had a higher number of trichomes than the adaxial leaf surface. A strong polynomial (r2=0.97) relationship was found between capitates trichomes and salt levels. High densities of capitates trichomes were found at high salt level of 4.0 mS cm-1. Although the development of asciiform trichomes was induced, it was at an insignificant level. Trichome densities are therefore not affected by salt. It was therefore concluded that the application of 5.3 mmol K L-1 concentration and the use of 5 L potting bags improves the yield and oil quality of rose geranium. It was evident from this study that rose geranium might Salt induced have some degree of tolerance to salt. It was therefore concluded that rose geranium is a moderately salt-sensitive crop. en_US
dc.format.extent 2 330 025 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Bloemfontein : Central University of Technology, Free State
dc.subject Central University of Technology, Free State - Dissertations en_US
dc.subject Rose geranium oil - Quality en_US
dc.subject Rose geranium - Effect of potassium on en_US
dc.subject Water quality en_US
dc.subject Crop yields en_US
dc.subject Crops - Quality en_US
dc.subject Wood waste as mulch, soil conditioner, etc. en_US
dc.subject Rose geranium - Effect of salt on en_US
dc.subject Potting soils en_US
dc.subject Dissertations, Academic - South Africa - Bloemfontein en_US
dc.title The effect of potassium and water quality on the yield and oil quality of Rose Geranium (Pelargonium graveolens L.) en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.rights.holder Central University of Technology, Free State

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