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Isolation and antimicrobial susceptibility characterisation of listeria SPP. in selected food premises in Central South Africa

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dc.contributor.advisor Theron, M.M.
dc.contributor.advisor Lues, J.F.R.
dc.contributor.advisor De Smidt, O.
dc.contributor.author Snyman, Marina J.
dc.contributor.other Central University of Technology, Free State. Faculty of Health and Environmental Sciences
dc.date.accessioned 2014-10-15T20:10:38Z
dc.date.available 2014-10-15T20:10:38Z
dc.date.issued 2011
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11462/138
dc.description Thesis (M. Tech. Environmental health) -- Central University of technology, Free State, 2011 en_US
dc.description.abstract Microbial pathogens play an important role in the food industry where they could cause disease and subsequently significant economic losses. Limited information is available on the situation with regard to Listeria in food products in South Africa. However, much research is being done in the rest of the world on Listeria indicating serious problems as a result of resistance development against various antimicrobial agents, including the organic acids. It is hypothesised that the situation with regard to resistance development may be more serious than generally admitted. Isolation of 200 different food samples was done by using a slightly modified EN ISO 11290-1/A1:2004 standard method. Identification of presumptive positive colonies was confirmed as Listeria by API (Analytical profile index) Listeria. API positive cultures were subjected to 16S rDNA sequencing to compare and confirm identification. Isolates and standard strains were screened for resistance to food preservatives such as organic acids and antibiotics used in the current treatment regime for Listeria infections. The organisms evaluated included isolated strains namely Listeria monocytogenes, Listeria welshimeri, Listeria innocua and their corresponding ATCC (American type culture colletion) strains. An agar dilution method as described by the Clinical and Laboratory Standard Institute (CLSI) was used to determine the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 11 antibiotics and 13 organic acids and salts for all the isolates. Overall antibiotic susceptibility patterns of all the isolates indicated high level susceptibility to all the antibiotics tested. Susceptibility to all the organic acids was notably reduced at pH 7 in all the isolates and control strains. Eight highly susceptible strains were selected for induction and represented each of the species isolated. These isolates were exposed to increasing concentrations of three antibiotics and three organic acids. MICs were again determined for all the induced strains for five antibiotics and three organic acids. Proteins extracted from the induced strains were separated on discontinuous SDS-PAGE slab gels to generate total protein profiles. Notable variations were observed in MICs, although induction with antibiotics as well as organic acids did not result in general resistance development. However, evidence was provided that continuous exposure to antimicrobial agents may cause Listeria spp. to develop resistance to different antimicrobial agents. Further research and in depth studies on mechanisms involved in the development of resistance to food preservatives would, therefore, be required. Finally, it is concluded that Listeria monocytogenes may be a possible threat in the Central South African food industry, which deserves more attention. The situation may actually pose a problem that is overseen, because only a small percentage of people that get sick from food, would seek medical advice. en_US
dc.format.extent 1 158 593 bytes
dc.format.extent application/pdf
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Bloemfontein : Central University of Technology, Free State
dc.subject Central University of Technology, Free State - Dissertations en_US
dc.subject Food preservatives en_US
dc.subject Listeria monocytogenes en_US
dc.subject Gram-positive bacteria en_US
dc.subject Listeriosis en_US
dc.subject Foodborne diseases en_US
dc.subject Drug resistance in microorganisms en_US
dc.subject Dissertations, academic - South Africa - Bloemfontein en_US
dc.title Isolation and antimicrobial susceptibility characterisation of listeria SPP. in selected food premises in Central South Africa en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.rights.holder Central University of Technology, Free State

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