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dc.contributor.author NGANCHA, BONJA PATRICK
dc.date.accessioned 2018-04-20T09:10:00Z
dc.date.available 2018-04-20T09:10:00Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11462/1338
dc.description Published Thesis en_US
dc.description.abstract In areas where adequate water resource is available, hydrokinetic energy conversion systems are currently gaining recognition, as opposed to other renewable energy sources such as solar or wind energy. The operational principle of hydrokinetic energy is not similar to traditional hydropower generation that explores use of the potential energy of falling water, which has drawbacks such as the expensive construction of dams and the disturbance of aquatic ecosystems. Hence, hydrokinetic energy generates electricity by making use of underwater turbines to extract the kinetic energy of flowing water, with no construction of dams or diversions. A hydrokinetic turbine uses flowing water, which varies with climatic conditions throughout the year, to power the shaft of a generator, hence, generating an unstable energy output. The aim of this dissertation is to develop a controller that will be used to stabilize the output voltage and frequency generated in a hydrokinetic energy system. An overview of various methods used to minimize the fluctuating impacts of power generated from renewable energy sources is included in the current conducted research. Several renewable energy sources such as biomass, wind, solar, hydro and geothermal have been discussed in the literature review. Different control methods and topologies have been cited. Hence, the study elaborates on the adoptive control principles, which include the load ballast control, dummy load control, proportional integral and derivative (PID) controller system, proportional integral (PI) controller system, pulse-width modulation (PWM) control, pitch angle control, valve control, the rate of river flow at the turbine, bidirectional diffuser-augmented control and differential flatness based controller. These control operations in renewable energy power generation are mainly based on a linear control approach. In the case whereby a PI power controller system has been developed for a variable speed hydrokinetic turbine system, a DC-DC boost converter is used to keep constant DC link voltage. The input DC current is regulated to follow the optimized current reference for maximum power point operation of the turbine system. The DC link voltage is controlled to feed the current in the grid through the line side PWM inverter. The active power is regulated by q-axis current while the reactive power is regulated by d-axis current. The phase angle of utility voltage is detected using PLL (phased locked loop) in a d-q synchronous reference frame. The proposed scheme is modelled and simulated using MATLAB/ Simulink, and the results give a high quality power conversion solution for a variable speed hydrokinetic system. In the second case, whereby the differential flatness concept is applied to a controller, the idea of this concept is to generate an imaginary trajectory that will take the system from an initial condition to a desired output generating power. This control concept has the ability to resolve complex control problems such as output voltage and frequency fluctuations of renewable energy systems, while exploiting their linear properties. The results show that the generated outputs are dynamically adjusted during the voltage regulation process. The advantage of the proposed differential flatness based controller over the traditional PI control resides in the fact that decoupling is not necessary and the system is much more robust as demonstrated by the modelling and simulation studies under different operating conditions, such as changes in water flow rate. en_US
dc.format.extent 2 620 878 bytes, 1 file
dc.format.mimetype Application/PDF
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Bloemfontein: Central University of Technology, Free State en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.rights.holder Central University of Technology, Free State

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