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The assessment of echocardiographic and tissue Doppler profiles of asymptomatic follow-up patients in cardiology practice

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dc.contributor.advisor Van den Heever-Kriek, E.
dc.contributor.advisor Brown, S.
dc.contributor.author Steyn, Jan
dc.contributor.other Central University of Technology, Free State. Faculty of Health and Environmental Sciences. School of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences
dc.date.accessioned 2014-10-15T14:20:00Z
dc.date.available 2014-10-15T14:20:00Z
dc.date.issued 2010
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11462/128
dc.description Thesis (M. Tech.) -- Central University of Technology, Free State, 2010 en_US
dc.description.abstract This main aim of this study was to assess patients in a general cardiology practice in order to determine the systolic and diastolic profiles of these patients. The aim was also to determine what effect life style and risk factors may have on the echocardiographic variables measured during such an examination. The specific aim of this study was the importance of not only examining the systolic function but the necessity to also examine the diastolic profile of patients. Life-style plays an important role, with the main culprit being obesity. Obesity was the single most important factor that affected the diastolic profile of patients seen in this study. With obesity a combination of other risk factors related to obesity was observed. Most abnormalities found due to these risk factors were associated with diastolic changes in the left ventricle. Echocardiography is routinely used in daily practice, but the diagnostic value of this tool can be enhanced if proper analyses of the systolic as well as the diastolic profiles are determined. Many cardiologists only measure the systolic function of the heart as an indication of the well- being of the left ventricle, although in this study it was proven that systolic function did not alter with ageing or with changes in the risk profile. Hundred-and-twelve patients, divided into three age groups, were evaluated in this study. Both systolic and diastolic variables were measured and analysed for abnormalities. None of these patients had systolic function abnormalities, although they had detectable anatomic changes due to ageing, obesity and hypertension. Several abnormalities were found on the diastolic profile of these patients. Muscle thickness increased due to obesity and hypertension and even with ageing, but with no significant abnormalities in the systolic function of the heart. There was a slight increase in the circumferential shortening of the left ventricle and that both the septal and longitudinal functions decreased with ageing. It is noteworthy that even where the systolic function remained normal in ageing subjects, their diastolic profiles changed significantly. Assessment of left ventricular function required a meticulous and systematic approach. In this study forty- one percent of patients visiting this general practice had abnormalities of their diastolic function although their systolic function was normal. It was found that with ageing, especially in the older age group, important abnormalities occur in their diastolic profile. The most common changes were that the E- peak velocity decreased and that the Apeak velocity of the trans-mitral flow increased. It seemed that passive filling decreased with ageing but that active filling increased simultaneously, causing the cardiac output to remain constant in older subjects. This is important to know because diseases affecting the atrium may have a profound effect on the cardiac output of older patients, even if they have normal systolic function, (due to the decreased passive filling they need their active filling or atrial contraction to support a normal cardiac output). An important marker will be to look at the ratio of the E/A- velocities in older patients to determine the ratio of active against passive filling. Other than that, a relatively new tool in echocardiography called tissue Doppler was used to determine what happened to the muscle with ageing. Here it was demonstrated that the different layers of the left ventricle acted differently with ageing. Results showed that the longitudinal fibres weakened with ageing although the circumferential fibres remained unchanged or even strengthened with ageing. It was apparent in this study that the traditional use of only systolic function may not be adequate when evaluating relative asymptomatic patients presenting at a general cardiology practice. It is important to also evaluate the diastolic profiles of these patients in order to scientifically quantify their heart health, even in asymptomatic patients. It is important to routinely evaluate the diastolic profile of patients so that early detection of these diastolic variables can be detected and timely consideration for its treatment can be given by their cardiologist. It is also important to take note of the significance of the obesity problem and the effect it has on the heart’s health. In conclusion, this study emphasizes the importance of the echocardiographic evaluation of diastolic cardiac function in addition to routine systolic evaluation in asymptomatic patients. This will enable the clinician to detect abnormalities early and tailor therapy accordingly. Lifestyle related risk factors, especially obesity, also have significant effects on diastolic cardiac function. en_US
dc.format.extent 4 055 390 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Bloemfontein : Central University of Technology, Free State
dc.subject Central University of Technology, Free State - Dissertations en_US
dc.subject Doppler echocardiography en_US
dc.subject Heart - Left ventricle en_US
dc.subject Diastole (Cardiac cycle) en_US
dc.subject Obesity en_US
dc.subject Heart - Contraction en_US
dc.subject Heart - Diseases en_US
dc.subject Dissertations, academic - South Africa - Bloemfontein en_US
dc.title The assessment of echocardiographic and tissue Doppler profiles of asymptomatic follow-up patients in cardiology practice en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.rights.holder Central University of Technology, Free State

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